Penetration Testing Services, by Shorebreak Security

Top 5 Most Common Types of Cyber Attacks

Cyber attacks have become a threat to the safety and security of not only our national infrastructure but also our personal lives. These attacks can be devastating and life-altering—and they’re on the rise. And while most of us are aware of the threats, we may not be prepared for the reality of cyber attacks.

From ransomware to targeted email phishing attacks and identity theft to network infiltration, cyber-attacks are all around us and can affect anyone, regardless of their location or business. And though there are a number of different types of cyber attacks, there are only a handful of common tactics used by hackers to gain access to systems and data.

To assist you in your endless endeavor to keep your systems safe, we’ve compiled a list of the top ten most common types of cyber attacks. So, read on and be prepared!

1) Phishing

Phishing is a type of social engineering attack that relies on tricking people into giving up confidential information, such as usernames, passwords and credit card numbers. Hacker scammers will use email to send out messages that appear to be from legitimate businesses or organizations but are actually fraudulent attempts at obtaining user login credentials. These phishing emails may look like they come from your bank or even your ISP.

The key to avoiding these attacks is to never click on a link or attachment in an email. If you’re unsure of whether an email is legitimate or not, call the company directly using their number on record. Phishing scams are an example of social engineering, which is the act of using psychological manipulation to trick people into giving up confidential information. So, when next time you receive an email that looks suspicious, don’t click on any links or attachments.

2) SQL Injection attack

An SQL injection attack is a type of cyberattack that exploits weak or unsecured database servers to access and modify data without permission. The attack is done by entering malicious SQL code into a form that is then processed by the database server. This can allow an attacker to access and modify data, create new accounts or even delete records in the system.

The attack is commonly used by hackers to gain access to a system, but it can also be used as a form of cyber espionage. It is most commonly performed using web applications but can also be done using other software such as Microsoft Access and Oracle Forms. So, what does that mean for you? The first thing is to make sure your database servers are secure. If they are not, then it’s time to find a new provider and get them locked down ASAP.

Moreover, it’s important to make sure your database servers are not accessible from the Internet. If they are, then you should take steps to secure them with a firewall and other security measures. Finally, it’s important to keep track of who has access to your database servers so that if someone gains unauthorized access, you can immediately remove their privileges.

3) Man in the Middle Attack (MitM)

A man-in-the-middle (MitM) attack is a type of cyber attack in which the attacker secretly relays and possibly alters the communication between two parties who believe they are directly communicating with each other.

In this type of attack, one party (the “victim”) sends data packets to another party (the “target”), but instead of sending them directly to the target, the attacker sends them to themselves first so that they can read, modify or even block the data packets before sending them on to their intended destination. The attacker then forwards the data packets from themselves to the target. The victim and target may be communicating over a network (like the Internet) or via direct connections such as USB cables or Bluetooth.

This type of attack is possible because many computer systems use the “store and forward” model for data transmission. In this model, data packets are sent over a network or directly to another device but not immediately delivered to their intended recipient. Instead, they are stored in a queue and then forwarded on at some point in time (usually when there is free bandwidth available).

This approach works well for sending email messages or other types of files where it’s acceptable to wait until later to receive them. However, it can be dangerous if the data packets contain sensitive information such as passwords or credit card numbers. If an attacker were to intercept such a packet and then forward it on to its intended recipient before you receive it, they could potentially read the contents of your message before you do.

The best solution to this problem is to use end-to-end encryption, which allows only the recipient of a message to decrypt it. End-to-end encryption ensures that no one else can read your messages while they are in transit between you and your intended recipient.

4) Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Attack

Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of attack that allows an attacker to inject malicious code into your website. When a user visits your site and clicks on a malicious link, their browser will execute the malicious code as if it were legitimate, which can allow attackers to take control of their computer or steal information such as usernames and passwords. The best way to prevent this kind of attack from happening is by using input validation and output encoding on all web pages that display user-supplied data.

For example, if a web page displays the user’s email address and allows them to edit it, the code should do two things: First, it should validate that the email address looks correct (i.e., it contains an @ symbol and a period).

Second, it should encode any characters that are not allowed in an email address so that an attacker cannot inject malicious code into it. This process is called input validation and output encoding. Input validation ensures that the data provided by a user is in the correct format and can be used by your code to produce predictable results. Output encoding converts non-printable characters (such as a new line) into printable ones so that they do not interfere with the display of your web page when it’s rendered.

The best way to ensure that your website is safe from XSS attacks is to use a web application firewall (WAF). A WAF can prevent an attacker from injecting malicious code into your website by monitoring all incoming requests and comparing them against a database of known attack patterns.

5) Denial-of-Service (DDoS) and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attack

A denial-of-service (DoS) attack is a form of cyber-attack in which an attacker prevents legitimate users from accessing a service by flooding the server with fake requests. DoS attacks are often launched using botnets, which allow hackers to hijack other people’s computers and use them as proxies for their own malicious purposes.

Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks are similar to DoS attacks, but they use multiple machines to flood the server with requests. This makes them much more difficult to defend against because there’s no single point of failure.

DDoS attacks can be launched from anywhere in the world, and they’re often difficult to trace back to their source. They’re also extremely costly because they force businesses to spend money on additional resources such as hardware, software and manpower. The good news is that there are some steps you can take to protect yourself from these types of attacks.

One of the most important things you can do is to make sure that your systems are up-to-date and patched with the latest security patches. This will help prevent them from being used as proxies by hackers attempting to launch DoS or DDoS attacks against other people’s websites.

Final Conclusion

With so many different types of attacks to worry about, it can be hard to keep track of what’s going on. That’s why it’s important for you to make sure that your systems are up-to-date and patched with the latest security patches.